What Are Dental Implants And Their Types?
Missing, decayed, or broken teeth may alter your appearance. Sometimes it may lead to loss of your confidence to smile and lead to low self –esteem.
Implants are poles or frames inserted into the jawbone to hold a crown. Dentists prefer implants over dentures since they are more stable, last longer, and require low maintenance.
They have several classifications depending on material and shape. These includes:
- Metallic-are made of titanium, stainless steel, or Vitallium.
- Ceramic-coated or sprayed with ceramic to be bio-active.
- Polymerics– made from polytetrafluoroethylene but is only used with other dental implants adjunct stress distributors.
- Carbon-made by mixing carbon with stainless-steel and their flexibility is similar to that of the jaw-bone.
- Cylindrical-this type of dental implants are cylindrical and can be conical or straight and pushed into a prepared bone.
- Threaded-have threads on their surfaces. The threads increase the surface area to provide more contact with the jaw-bone.
- Hollow-these dental implants have a hollow shape and have perforations on their sides to enhance anchorage. They also prevent moving and twisting of the implant.
- Endosteal-implants placed on the jaw bone to act as an artificial root to hold a tooth replacement.
Periosteal-these types of implants lie on the periosteum that overlies the cortex. In this jaw bone since the support comes from the gum
- Permanent dentures-known as denture implants and are fixed to the jaw bone. Permanent dentures resemble dental implants with permanent crowns since they are not like removable dentures.
There is another special type of dental implants known as All-on-4® Implants or full mouth implants. All-on-Fours are used to replace missing on the top or bottom front of the mouth.
The Installation Procedure
Local anesthesia is always when carrying out this procedure. Sedatives may be used to relieve any tensions. The dentist first removes any damaged teeth. He or she then cleans the area to remove any residues.
- Placing the implant. After making an incision through the gum on the jaw, the dentist places an implant on the jaw. He then leaves it to integrate with the gum for at least three months.
- Post attachment. Your dentist attaches a post to the implant and leaves gum tissue to grow around it. The dentist may install the implant and the post at the same time. The post and implant anchor the crown in place.
- Attachment of a crown. When the post is firm, your dentist places a custom crown on it.
What to Expect After Surgery
After the surgery, you are likely to experience some discomfort. The typical symptoms for the discomfort are:
- Swelled gums and cheeks
- Bruises on your gums and skin
- Minor bleeding
- Pain on the site of the implant
What Are the Advantages of Dental Implants?
Implants are a popular option to treat missing or broken teeth although there are other choices. The following are the advantages:
- Enhance appearance-gives you a more natural-looking replacement for missing teeth.
- Last longer-implants if taken care of well, can last more than a decade while intact.
- Durable- are not prone to damage like other restorative procedures.
- Bite strength- implants will give you the same bite strength as your natural teeth. They will not cause the bone to erode over time since they do not shake.
- Crown replacement-the crown over and the implant has to be replaced every 10 to 15 years.
- Quality-the quality of implants varies hence it’s advisable to find the right dentist when you need them.
- Surgery- requires surgery hence carries the risk of pain and swelling. However, it only a few days after the procedure.
Post-Treatment Care Tips
Implants should be cleaned and taken care of to aid fast recovery and enhance their longevity. You can help your dental work to heal and increase its lifespan by:
- Use mouthwash to clean your teeth since your gums are not completely healed.
- Brush your teeth twice daily using a toothbrush with gentle bristles and floss at least once daily.
- Do not chew on hard food-stuffs before healing
- Avoid eating ice cream since it may cause sharp pains due to teeth sensitivity
- Do not smoke and avoid excessive drinking of alcohol
Visit a dentist in case of any complications
Visiting a Dentist
In case you have any complications after having an implant surgery, visit Dr. Fabrizio Amador of Amador Dentistry for a check-up and treatment in Pompano Beach, FL.